What is schizophrenia?:
“A class of disorders in which severe distortion of reality occurs.”
How to know if I have schizophrenia?
I’m a doctor, you know ……. I don’t have a diploma, but I’m a doctor. I’m glad to be a mental patient because it taught me how to be humble. I use Cover Girl creamy natural makeup. My friend has been here to visit me …… This place is where a mad magazine is published. When I was a little girl, I used to sit and tell stories to myself. When I was older, I turned off the sound on the TV set and made up dialogue to go with the shows I watched…… I’m a week pregnant. I have schizophrenia, cancer of the nerves. My body is overcrowded with nerves. This is going to win me the Nobel Prize for medicine. I don’t consider myself schizophrenic anymore. There’s no such thing as schizophrenia, there’s only mental telepathy.
This excerpt illustrates the efforts of women with schizophrenia, one of the more severe forms of mental disturbance, to hold a conversation with a clinician. People with schizophrenia account for by far the largest percentage of those hospitalized for mental disorders. They are also in many respects the least likely to recover from their Psychological difficulties.
4 Types of schizophrenia:
The distinctions among the different types of schizophrenia are not always clear-cut, and symptoms may vary considerably over time.
|Disorganized(hebephrenic) schizophrenia||Inappropriate laughter and giggling, silliness, infantile behavior, strange and frequently obscene behavior|
|Catatonic schizophrenia||Major disturbances in movement: in some phases, loss of all motions, sometimes even days: in other phases, hyperactivity and wild, sometimes violent, movement|
|Undifferentiated schizophrenia||Variable mixture of major symptoms of schizophrenia: classification used for patients who cannot be typed into any of the more specific categories|
|Residual schizophrenia||Minor signs of schizophrenia after a more serious episode|
Disorders similar to schizophrenia:
Schizophrenia refers to a class of disorders in which severe distortion of reality occurs.
1. Thinking perception and emotion may deteriorate.
2. The individual may withdraw from social interactions.
3. The person may display bizarre behavior.
Moreover, the symptoms displayed by persons with schizophrenia may vary considerably over time, and people with schizophrenia show significant differences in the pattern of their symptoms even when they are labeled with the same diagnostic category.
Nevertheless, a number of characteristics reliably distinguish schizophrenia from other disorders. They include the following:
Schizophrenia and symptoms:
The decline from a previous level of functioning: An individual can no longer carry out activities he or she was once able to do.
Disturbances of thoughts and language: People with schizophrenia use logic and language in a peculiar way. Their thinking often does not make sense, and their information processing is frequently faulty. They also do not follow conventional linguistic rules.
Delusions: People with schizophrenia often have delusions, firmly held, unshakeable beliefs with no basis in reality. Among the common delusions experienced by people with schizophrenia are the beliefs that they are being controlled by someone else, they are being persecuted by others, and their thoughts are being broadcast so that others know what they are thinking.
Hallucinations and perceptual disorders: People with schizophrenia do not perceive the world as most other people do. They also may have hallucinations, the experience of perceiving things that do not actually exist. Furthermore, they may see, hear or smell and analyze all things totally differently from others and they do not even have a sense of their bodies in the way that others do, having difficulty determining where their bodies stop and rest of the world begins.
Emotional disturbances: People with schizophrenia sometimes show a bland lack of emotion in which even the most dramatic event produce little or no emotional response. Conversely, they may display emotion that is inappropriate to a situation.
For example, a person with schizophrenia may laugh too much uproariously at the funeral or react with anger when being helped by someone they react suddenly and unconsciously.
Withdrawal: People with schizophrenia tend to have little interest in others. They tend not to socialize or hold real conversations with other, although they may talk to another person. In the most extreme cases, they do not even acknowledge the presence of other people, appearing to be in their own isolated world.
Common schizophrenia symptoms:
Positive schizophrenia symptoms Negative schizophrenia symptoms
Positive schizophrenia symptoms are indicated by the presence of disordered behavior such as hallucinations, delusions, and emotional extremes. Negative schizophrenia symptoms show an absence or loss of normal functioning, such as social withdrawal or blunted emotions.
What’s a paranoid schizophrenic:
Delusion and hallucinations of persecution or of greatness, loss of judgment, erratic and unpredictable behavior.
How many people does schizophrenia affect:
Worldwide about 1 percent of the population is diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Approximately 1.2% of Americans (3.2 million) have the disorder.
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